Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome Treatment Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah UAE. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS) Causes and Treatment
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) Causes and treatment. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, or OSAS, is a sleeping disorder. In this animation we present the definition, symptoms and causes of OSAS. Interestingly, we also describe al the simple measures that can be done to relieve mild OSAS, and other treatment options for more severe OSAS, like CPAP.
Definition of Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is basically a common sleeping syndrome manifested by a decline or suspension of normal breathing process while sleeping. It is most widespread among grown-ups and is a rare occurrence among kids. In most cases these sleep disorders can be easily diagnosed on the basis of an individual’s past medical record; but in certain cases the doctor needs to perform a number of tests in order to prove the analysis. This sleeping disorder can be treated by both nonsurgical and surgical procedure.
Sleep apnea arises when the breathing mechanism gets obstructed or is unusually lessened. In uncomplicated language, sleep apnea crops up when an individual discontinues inhaling and exhaling air for more than 10 seconds. When you suspend breathing totally or inhale not more than 25% of a standard breath for round about 10 seconds, you tend to suffer from apnea. Another common definition of sleep apnea is that when there is nearly a 4% fall in the blood oxygen level, it results in sudden decline in the transmission of oxygen in the blood which in turn hinders normal breathing process.
Apnea generally takes place during slumber. Due to the occurrence of apnea, sleep commonly gets disrupted owing to insufficient breathing and reduction of oxygen concentration in the bloodstream. At times because of sleep apnea an individual wakes up entirely, while at other times the individual emerges from an intense sleep to a lesser intensity of sleep. In most cases apnea is evaluated when the patient is in sleep for more than two-hours. The acuteness of sleep apnea is determined by dividing the number of times apnea occurred with the number of sleeping hours, which helps to get an apnea index; the larger the AI(AI stands for apnea per hour), the more critical is the condition. A healthcare professional should be consulted in such situation.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
The most widespread type of sleep apnea is what is known as obstructive sleep apnea and is a condition characterized by periods in which breathing ceases while sleeping. At times this condition is called obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or sleep apnea syndrome.
In most healthy individuals the muscles that are responsible for controlling the upper section of the throat ensure that the air flow in and out of the lungs is both continuous and steady. While you sleep these muscles relax slightly but nonetheless still manage to do their job satisfactorily. However those individuals who have sleep apnea frequently have airways that are narrowed for one reason or another and therefore when the throat muscles relax this causes the airway to partially or completely close up thereby preventing the passage of air to the lungs. Labored breathing and snoring resulting in a sleep apnea episode will then be seen.
In some individuals breathing can also stop completely during periods of deep sleep and medical experts and researchers are unclear about just why this occurs. These times during which breathing ceases can last for as long as ten seconds or more in severe cases and are called sleep apnea episodes or apneic events.
These sleep apnea episodes lead to a degree of awareness that you have stopped breathing and you subsequently struggle to start breathing again which is usually accompanied by choking, gasping or even snorting. Thereafter it is usual to fall into a period of light sleep before the cycle of sleep apnea episodes starts again.
The result is that an individual suffers from sleep that is fragmented and does not allow them the amount of rest which they need each night. This can lead to a variety of health problems including excessive daytime tiredness. One of the reasons for this daytime symptom is simply that the oxygen level in the blood stream falls significantly during an apneic event resulting in a condition known as hypoxia.
It is very important to realize that a lot of individuals who suffer from sleep apnea are unaware of their problem and frequently it must be left to others to point out the problem. Sleep apnea sufferers are usually aware of being very tired throughout the day but do not necessarily know why.
The commonest warning signs of sleep apnea include loud snoring, waking in the morning and still feeling tired, morning headaches, problems with concentration, changes in personality, falling asleep at inappropriate times, hypertension, excessive levels of activity (in children only) and swelling of the legs.
The first step in diagnosing sleep apnea ought to a trip to the doctor who will take a full medical history and look at your neck, throat and mouth for signs of any growths or abnormalities. If sleep apnea is suspected your physician will refer you for a sleep study and what is known as a polysomnogram (or PSG). This test records brain waves, eye movement, breathing rate, muscle activity, heart rate, oxygen levels in the blood and the amount of air which is being both inhaled and exhaled while you sleep.
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