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Aneurysm and Aneurysm Treatment
Stroke vs. Aneurysm: Different Symptoms, Treatments : Aneurysm is the swelling in the walls of blood vessels especially arteries. The swelling and widening of blood vessels causes them to weaken over time and they can rupture. The most commonly observed causes of aneurysm are congenital defects, uncontrolled high blood pressure and atherosclerosis (growing of fatty deposits in arteries). Aneurysm is usually classified by shape, size and location of the bulge.
It is most common in arteries at the base of the brain referred as brain or cerebral aneurysm, and in aortic arteries known as abdominal aortic aneurysm. Although aneurysm can occur at any age it is most commonly observed in adults than children. Women are also found slightly more susceptible than men in this regard.
Aorta is the main artery that supplies blood from heart to the rest of the body. Aneurysm can develop anywhere in the aorta but they are most commonly found in aorta with in the abdominal region below the kidneys. The majority of aneurysms which actually start in the abdominal path of aorta eventually extend up to iliac arteries. It may occur in the chest near the heart as well (thoracic aortic aneurysm).
The aortic aneurysm usually does not show any symptoms. Mild to moderate symptoms of aneurysm can sometimes be seen though. Pain in the effected area is a common symptom. One of the main causes of aortic aneurysm is smoking. The smokers over 60 years of age seem to have atherosclerosis. It has to be stopped immediately as it increases the risk of aneurysm’s widening.
To treat the aortic aneurysm a procedure known as stenting is performed. After locating the position of the bulge, an X-ray guided polyester tube (stent-graft) is passed through a small cut in upper thigh leading to aorta. Now the blood instead of flowing through the damaged artery flow through the stent-graft and eliminates the chance of rupture.
Brain Aneurysm usually originates from the base of the brain where the larger arteries combine. This area is known as circle of willis. The causes of brain aneurysm are generally genetic disorders which includes connective tissue disorders, polycystic kidney disease or some circulatory disorder. Patient having brain aneurysm may be found having the symptoms such as excruciating headache, problem with vision, thinking and decrease in concentration level, difficulty in speech and perception, pain in neck or eye and extreme tiredness.
Surgical clipping and coil embolization are methods usually applied for the treatment of brain aneurysm. Patient has to go through some test to get the right diagnosis after which the doctor will determine the method of treatment that is best suited to repair the blood vessel.
Stroke vs. Aneurysm: Different Symptoms, Treatments : A stroke is a life-threatening medical emergency that can be triggered by two different events: ischemia, referring to an ischemic stroke which happens when a blood vessel in the brain gets blocked, or bleeding (hemorrhagic stroke), which occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts.
An aneurysm that ruptures can cause an hemorrhagic stroke and can be fatal if not treated immediately.
Both conditions, ischemia and hemorrhagic stroke, can be the result of diseased blood vessel walls. Some risk factors and symptoms are shared, but there are important differences.
The more widely known stroke symptoms include one side of the face drooping; slurred speech, an inability to lift an arm and weakness or numbness in one side of the body. However, a severe headache of abrupt onset, sometimes described as a “thunderclap headache,” may be a sign of hemorrhagic stroke. These are major red flags that necessitate a call to 911.
When it comes to aneurysms, there is good news: ruptured aneurysms are uncommon, affecting about 30,000 people in the U.S. annually. In comparison, an estimated 6 million people in the United States have an unruptured brain aneurysm, or 1 in 50 people. Ruptured brain aneurysms account for 3 to 5 percent of all new strokes. A ruptured aneurysm releases blood into the spaces around the brain.
The most important aneurysm rupture symptom to remember: A sudden and severe headache, the worst headache of your life, says Guilherme Dabus, M.D., (pictured above) director of the Interventional Neuroradiology Fellowship Program at Baptist Health Neuroscience Center and Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute. A ruptured aneurysm can also produce symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, sudden blurred or double vision or trouble walking.