Thyroid Problems : Thyroid Disorders Symptoms, Types & Treatment in Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah UAE.
Thyroid Problems : Thyroid Disorders Symptoms, Types & Treatment in Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah UAE. Thyroid Problems Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment. What are the symptoms of thyroid problems in females? What are the early signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer? What are the symptoms of a thyroid problem? Can you die from a thyroid problem? Can thyroid disease be cured? What emotional problems does hypothyroidism cause? Which food to avoid in thyroid? What are the early signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer? What are the symptoms of thyroid problems in females? Is Hypothyroidism is curable?
This animation is about most common thyroid problems. Hypothyrodism, hyperthyrodism and goiter and their causes are explained. Also symptoms which occur in these disorders are mentioned. Finally, we discuss the possible treatments. Watch the animation “Thyroid gland – Structure and function” to learn more about the thyroid’s function and different hormones it produces.
Thyroid Problems : Thyroid Disorders Symptoms, Types & Treatment
The thyroid is one of the largest and most important of the endocrine glands in the body. Part of the endocrine system, the thyroid is responsible for producing hormones which are necessary for the regulation of metabolism and growth, and other bodily functions. The thyroid gland is found in the neck. If it malfunctions, aside from medical treatments, are there alternative treatments for thyroid disorders?
Not all people understand how important the thyroid is in the body. People have no idea how serious the effects of a thyroid disorder can be. Here are some basic facts that everyone should know about the thyroid:
The thyroid has control functions : The thyroid produces the hormones necessary for control of many functions in the body. Known as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), these hormones regulate the rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of function of many other systems in the body.
The thyroid can malfunction in two ways : There are two known ways in which the thyroid malfunctions: over activity and under activity. With respect to the first one, there is an excess in production of the hormones. The condition is called hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Since the hormones produced by the thyroid affects every part of the body, over production of the hormones will affect many parts. It can cause palpitations and anxiety attacks.
Inversely, the lack or minimal production of thyroxine is called hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). The low production of the hormones causes muscle hypotonia, depression, cramps, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Goitre.
There are natural remedies available : The good news is that there is a natural cure for thyroid disorders. Avoiding foods that contain substances that affect the functioning of the thyroid are among these remedies. There are foods that contain anti-thyroid substances and can affect the way it functions later on in life. Herbal therapy is also another option. Irish moss, walnut and ginseng are just few of nature’s natural healing agents to help with the disorder.
Diagnosis By Blood Test
Doctor can diagnose hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism by testing the levels of thyroid hormones in your blood. The tests measure hormones from the thyroid itself, as well as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), a chemical released by the pituitary gland that triggers your thyroid. When you are hypothyroid, you have higher TSH levels because your body is trying to tell your thyroid to make more hormones. The reverse is true with hyperthyroidism: TSH levels are below normal and thyroid hormone levels are high.
Types Of Thyroid Disorders
Thyroid, located right below the Adam’s apple in the neck, is a butterfly-shaped gland that is a prestige part of the complex network of glands named as endocrine system. While the endocrine system is accountable for synchronizing multiple body’s activities, the sole function of the thyroid gland is to release the thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormones regulate the complete metabolism process of the body, and hence a disturbance in it can give birth to numerous severe ailments. If you intend to know the common disorders that are caused due to improper functioning of the thyroid gland then this article is definitely for you.
Hashimoto’s disease : Commonly known as hypothyroidism, it is a chronic ailment that can occur at any age. The ailment onsets when the immune system of the body destroys the thyroid gland, and hence, its ability to release thyroid hormone is completely tampered. People with mild case of hypothyroidism may not show obvious symptoms, but those with severe temperament may end exhibiting symptoms such as:
- Dry skin, thin hair
- Puffy, pale face
- Weight gain
- Intolerance to cold
- Unbalanced mensuration cycle (in females)
- Enlarged thyroid (goiter)
Grave’s Disease : Named after the doctor, who first revealed it, it is a common form of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder that strikes when the immune system of the body attacks the thyroid gland, and hence, results in overproduction of thyroid hormone. With high level of thyroid within the blood stream, the body may show symptoms such as:
- Menstrual irregularities
- Muscle Weakness
- Intolerance to heat
- Excessive sweating
- Bulging eyes and improper vision
- Frequent bowl movements or even diarrhea
- Hand tremors
- Irregular heartbeat
Goiter : A noncancerous result of the thyroid gland, goiter is common worldwide and is considered mainly an outcome of iodine deficiency within the body. Goiter can affect at any age, but is common in people above 40. Medical history, pregnancy, radiation exposure, and usage of certain medication are the major risk factors of this illness. Mild goiter cases may not reveal any symptoms, while complex goiter cases may show up with following symptoms:
- Tightness / swelling in the neck
- Wheezing or coughing
- Hoarseness of voice
- Difficulty in breathing and/or swallowing food
Thyroid Nodules : Thyroid disorder can also lead to another acute ailment known as Thyroid Nodules. The nodules are the growth form in or on in the thyroid gland. The primary cause for this illness is however not known, but it is witnessed that it can be cancerous in nature in small fraction of cases. The risks associated with thyroid nodules may increase with age. Thyroid nodules does not unveil any symptoms, but if they grow large enough then they can lead to symptoms such as:
- Clammy skin
- Increased appetite
- High pulse rate
- Weight loss
- Swelling in neck
- Problem in swallowing and breathing
- High level of pain
Each thyroid disorder is different, and hence, the treatment options for each also differs. To make sure that you do not meet any major side effect, it is essential to visit a specialist, go for proper diagnosis and stick to the treatment. The author is an expert on fitness and health who has helped people from all across the world to live a healthy life and stay informed about their prevailing illness. This article talks about diverse types of disorders that can hit an individual due to improper functioning of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid Disorder Treatments
It is a complex relationship that exists between the function of your thyroid and iodine which is a requirement of your body in order to create the thyroid hormone and a lack, or deficiency in iodine may lead to serious medical problems. This has caused an increase in the search for the discovery of thyroid disorder solutions.
When your body is exposed to prolonged and severe iodine deficiency it may result in harmful medical conditions such as certain kinds of hypothyroidism including cretinism and myxedema. It is believed that over one and a half billion individuals around the globe are considered at risk of developing an iodine deficiency. Thankfully new types of thyroid disorder solutions are being found and given to those in need.
While countries that use iodized salt have much lower instances of iodine deficiency, developing countries are not that lucky. While increasing iodine is a good idea there is also a higher rate of iodine toxicity in these countries. Excessive amounts of iodine ingested will usually result in one of two conditions: hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
However, iodine is still considered one of the best thyroid disorder solutions and can be found in foods such as seaweed, ground beef, iodized salt and milk. They are also in multi vitamin formulas or dietary supplements and even in certain drugs, including topical antiseptics and potassium iodide.
When being used as thyroid disorder solutions many nutritional supplements will contain approximately 150 mcg (0.15 mg) of iodine which seems to be the right amount in order to achieve the desired results. As with any supplements you should always check with your doctor before taking them.
How To Manage Thyroid Disorders Effectively
If there is something wrong with your thyroid, you are not likely to notice immediately, because its symptoms may be manifested gradually and vary widely among individuals. But whilst thyroid disorders may not be easy to prevent, there are ways to manage them effectively.
There are two major types: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is that state where the thyroid releases lower than normal quantities of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream, which tends to slow down the body’s functions. Hyperthyroidism happens when the thyroid releases too much hormones, making bodily functions proceed at a faster rate.
Essentially then, these disorders are all about imbalances in hormonal secretions. But what happens exactly? It is much like a thermostat and boiler. Imagine the thyroid gland is a boiler (controlling the body’s temperature and metabolic rate) and the pituitary gland is the thermostat that controls the temperature of the ‘boiler’. This occurs when the ‘thermostat’ (pituitary) cannot read the boiler temperature accurately, or when the ‘boiler’ (thyroid) does not respond appropriately to the thermostat.
Symptoms of thyroid disorders differ tremendously from person to person, ranging from barely noticeable to completely debilitating. For some people, the symptoms may be very severe although the thyroid malfunction differs only modestly from normal. The reverse is also true: the symptoms may be quite mild but the malfunction may be considerably abnormal. Some may remain undetected for many months as the symptoms can be mistaken for those in other conditions.
The likelihood of developing other diseases, or of having existing medical conditions worsen, can increase in those with thyroid disorders. When levels of hormones become too elevated because of hyperthyroidism, palpitations and atrial fibrillation can result. In atrial fibrillation, electrical impulses within the heart become erratic; if left untreated, it can lead to serious heart conditions like angina, or even precipitate heart failure.
Hyperthyroidism can also increase your chances of developing osteoporosis. Hypothyroidism can result in elevated blood levels of cholesterol, which is a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease.
Management of Thyroid Disorders : The treatment strategy will depend largely on which particular type has been diagnosed. If you have hypothyroidism, your doctor will probably prescribe thyroid hormone replacement therapy for the rest of your life. An endocrinologist, a doctor who has specialized in the endocrine system, will usually manage patients diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, since this is a more complex disorder.
With effective management, thyroid disorders will not disrupt your daily routines. It is important that you take responsibility for yourself, follow your prescriptions as directed, and attend regular check-ups with your doctor or specialist. Becoming better informed about this disorder will help you deal with them more effectively.
Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy
Hypothyroidism : Newly diagnosed hypothyroidism in pregnancy is rare because most women with untreated hypothyroidism do not ovulate or produce mature eggs in a regular manner, which makes it difficult for them to conceive.
It is a difficult new diagnosis to make based on clinical observation. The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism (fatigue, poor attention span, weight gain, numbness, and tingling of the hands or feet) are also prominent symptoms of a normal pregnancy.
Undiagnosed hypothyroidism during pregnancy increases the chance of stillbirth or growth retardation of the fetus. It also increases the chance that the mother may experience complications of pregnancy such as anemia, eclampsia, and placental abruption.
Probably the largest group of women who will have hypothyroidism during pregnancy are those who are currently on thyroid hormone replacement. The ideal thyroxine replacement dose (for example, levothyroxine [Synthroid, Levoxyl, Levothroid, Unithroid]) may rise by 25% to 50% during pregnancy. It is important to have regular checks of T4 and TSH blood levels as soon as pregnancy is confirmed; and frequently through the first 20 weeks of pregnancy to make sure the woman is taking the correct medication dose. It is recommended that the levothyroxine dose be adjusted to keep the TSH level < 2.5 mIU/L during the first trimester of pregnancy and < 3 mIU/L during the last two trimesters of pregnancy. Usually the increase in thyroid hormone needed during pregnancy disappears after the delivery of the baby and the pre-pregnancy dose of levothyroxine can be resumed immediately post-partum.
Hyperthyroidism : Newly diagnosed hyperthyroidism occurs in about 1 in 2,000 pregnancies. Graves’ disease accounts for 95% of cases of hyperthyroidism newly diagnosed during pregnancy.
As with hypothyroidism, many symptoms of mild hyperthyroidism mimic those of normal pregnancy. However, anyone experiencing symptoms such as significant weight loss, vomiting, increased blood pressure, or persistently fast heart rate should have blood tests to evaluate whether hyperthyroidism is present.
Mild or subclinical hyperthyroidism defined as a lower than normal TSH and normal Free T4 level is not dangerous to the mother or baby and does not need to treated. Thyroid tests should be checked again in 4 weeks. However, untreated moderate to severe hyperthyroidism does cause fetal and maternal complications including poor weight gain and tachycardia (an abnormally fast heart rate).
There are new recommendations for the treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy Propylthiouracil is used during the first trimester to block the synthesis of thyroid hormone and to bring thyroid hormone levels to borderline or slightly higher than normal levels. Propylthiouracil has a lower risk of some rare fetal malformations compared to methimazole (Tapazole) and is preferred during the critical fetal developmental period during the first trimester. Propylthiouracil is not recommended during the remainder or pregnancy because of the risk of serious hepatitis. During the second and third trimester, propylthiouracil should be switched to methimazole. The incidence rate of side effects for each medication is not increased in pregnancy.
Iodine will cross the placenta, so its use in either a thyroid scan or in treatment with radioactive iodine is prohibited in pregnancy. One positive note for women with hyperthyroidism is that those with Graves’ disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis may have improvement in their symptoms as the pregnancy progesses.
The usual treatment for hypothyroidism is thyroid hormone replacement therapy. With this treatment, synthetic thyroid hormone (e.g., levothyroxine*) is taken by mouth to replace the missing thyroid hormone. Treatment is usually life-long.
Most people who take thyroid replacement therapy do not experience side effects. However, if too much thyroid hormone is taken, symptoms can include shakiness, heart palpitations, and difficulty sleeping. Women who are pregnant may require an increase in their thyroid replacement by up to 50%. It takes about 4 to 6 weeks for the effect of an initial dose or change in dose to be reflected in laboratory tests.
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